North Eastern District Resources Plan (NEDRP) is one of the unique initiatives of NESAC to provide geospatial data, services and tools for preparation of Detailed Project Report (DPR), Master plan document and any other inputs essential for various district level developmental planning activity. NEDRP was initiated with 36 selected districts of NE Region and later on expanded to remaining 58 districts (total 94 districts) of the region as per the directive of North Eastern Council and the demands from the various Line Departments to showcase the capability of space technology applications and tools for district level planning. Ensemble of 94 district NEDRP geoportals with 30-35 layers of each district are catalogued into six major information modules of the NEDRP GeoXplorer-Administrative or base data, Infrastructure, Land and Water resources, Planning inputs and Terrain module realized in a single unified platform using open source software and standards with few important Governance applications like ElectionGIS, CensusGIS, Forest Resources Management (FRM), and GeoTourism. In all the applications Bhuvan map services has been effectively used in an optimized way for better and faster display of imageries. Secure data sharing gateway has been established for sharing of geospatial maps to the various users through online registration, validation and authentication. Online decision making tools based on User’s criteria for identification of forest fire vulnerable areas, expansion of horticulture and afforestation activity have been added on the top of the NEDRP.
NEDRP is one of the most enhanced form of GeoPortal realized in a three tier service oriented incremental architecture populated with GeoData derived using GeoData Analytics and Machine Learning (ML) Tools.
GeoData Analytics: NEDRP is populated with 3500+ Geospatial layers generated from various sources of satellite data with different spatial/spectral resolution. It includes CARTOSAT-I, RESOURCESAT-2, ETM+, HYPERION etc. It also uses high resolution QUICKBIRD sensor data including very high resolution aerial images from Drones/UAV (BIG GeoData). Generation of GeoData involves the extraction of meaningful information via visual/digital interpretation/classification using various GeoInformatics as well as ML techniques and tools. Specifically, processing of high dimension GeoData sources requires advanced ML approach like SVM, Random forest, ANN/MLP for extraction of meaningful information for decision making process. In addition, a number of feature extraction tools like PCA/MNF/CFS are required for dimension reduction of data both in spatial as well as feature space. A number of FOSS (QGIS/Weka/Python/R) and COTS (ArcGIS/ENVI/Erdas) software are being used for generation/updation of GeoData. Spatial models powered by spatial as well as fuzzy overly analysis were used for site suitability analysis (LiveGIS of NEDRP).
NEDRP aggregates data (spatial and non-spatial) from various sources for visualization via GeoPortal with decision making tools. Governance Application of NEDRP also captures live feeds of data posted via Mobile Apps for monitoring activity (ElectionGIS). It enables integration of satellite/Drone image and video on the GeoTagged information (nec.nedrp.gov.in).
WebGeoXplorer: Ensemble of 101 district GeoPortals are showcased in a single window platform using open source MS4W (Map Server/map Cache-Apache-PHP) software bundles for efficient and effective dissemination of various services (WMS-WFS-WPS). Powerful GeoServer based architecture integrated with GeoJSON/Leaflet Technology is used for development of various Governance Applications (ElectionGIS/NEC Project Monitoring etc.) with enhanced/optimized rendering of maps/satellite images as well as to capture the live feeds of real-time data from Mobile Apps. The entire architecture is responsive and incremental in nature to catalogue various Governance Applications without disturbing the current configuration.
List of major publications:
1. Geo Portal on North Eastern District Resources Plan to support effective Governance applications, Journal of Administrative Reforms on Minimum Government - Maximum Governance, Vol. IV(1), January-June, 2018
2. Towards generation of effective 3D surface models from UAV imagery using open source tools, Current Science, 114(2), 314-321
3. An effective Ensemble Classification Framework using Random Forests and Correlation Based Feature Selection Technique, Transaction in GIS, 20(4):463-490, doi: 10.1111/tgis.12164.
4. A model on achieving higher performance in the classification of hyperspectral satellite data: A case study on Hyperion data, Applied Geomatics(Springer), 6(3), 181-195.
5. A Novel Geospatial Approach for Identifying Optimal Sites for Setting-up of Mobile Telecom Towers strategically, Geomatics, 10(2), 192-198.
6. Dynamic Shortest Route Finder using pgRouting for emergency management, Applied Geomatics (Springer), DOI 10.1007/s12518-015-0161-4 (2015)
7. Effectiveness of Fuzzy Overlay Function for Multi-Criteria Spatial Modeling—A Case Study on Preparation of Land Resources Map for Mawsynram Block of East Khasi Hills District of Meghalaya, India, Journal of Geographic Information System, 6(6), 605-612.
Office of the Chief Electoral Officer (CEO), Mizoram Election Department has successfully utilized the Election e-ATLAS for effective planning and monitoring of the Mizoram Legislative Assembly Election held on 28 November, 2018 to capture the live feeds of polling updates for live visualization (heat map etc.) and turn out. The Election e-ATLAS is one of the unique initiatives of NESAC towards Governance Services in collaboration with Mizoram Remote Sensing Application Centre (MIRSAC). Mizoram Legislative Assembly is comprised of 40 Assembly Constituencies with 1179 Polling Stations and 770239 voters as per 2018 records. The total turnout of the last Mizoram Legislative Assembly Election held on 28th November, 2018 is 76.84% till 5.30pm.
Live visualization of polling updates and turnout of Mizoram Election
NESAC organized a 3-day Bootcamp Training on WebGIS and Mobile App Development from October 22 to October 24, 2018 under the umbrella of the North Eastern Spatial Data Repository (NeSDR) Programme. The major aim of the Bootcamp was to train the Officials of State Remote Sensing Applications Centres (SRSACs) of NER in order to participate in the Collaborative Development of Governance Applications (CDGA). The training was attended by 17 Officials working in the core areas of IT and GeoInformatics from SRSACs, Meghalaya Basin Development Authority (MBDA) and Meghalaya IT Department. The major focuses were given on hands-on towards development of Mobile Apps and Dashboard using Open source software and standards. The programme was an intense hands-on oriented session of 12 hours each day. In the closing function, five mini projects were demonstrated on -
1) GeoTagging Mobile Apps for asset mapping
2) Dashboard Application for CrimeGIS
4) Secure Mobile Application for Geotagging and
5) Election Dashboard. Director, NESAC with Senior Scientists from NESAC were also present in the closing function.
Participants with Director, NESAC and NESAC Scientists
Shri Arvind Ray, IAS, Chief Secretary to the Government of Mizoram released the Election e-ATLAS portal on 18th October, 2018 for planning and management of upcoming Legislative Assembly Election scheduled on 28th November, 2018. The programme was attended by Shri Krishna Mohan Uppu, Asst.CEO, Dr.R.K.Lallianthanga, Member Secretary, MIRSAC and other Senior Officials from District Administration/Election Department. Shri Nilay Nishant, Scientist from NESAC has demonstrated the portal to the gathering
The Election e-ATLAS is one of the unique initiatives under North Eastern Spatial Data Repository (NeSDR/NEDRP) programme of NESAC to empower the electoral process in the State of Mizoram. The programme was jointly executed with Mizoram State Remote Sensing Applications Centre (MIRSAC). The Election e-ATLAS is expected to provide actionable inputs during pre-election preparation. Live visualization of polling updates and turnout spatially from the control room on the day of election is the vital component of system. It also can generate the live heat map polls based on the live feed of polling updates from the various polling stations. It may be noted that the Election e-Atlas was successfully used during the last Meghalaya Assembly Election 2018 held on February 27, 2018.
Shri Ravi Shankar Prasad, Hon’ble Union Minister for Electronics & Information Technology and Law & Justice, Government of India launched the updated and full version of North Eastern District Resources Plan (NEDRP) GeoPortal on 11 August, 2018 in presence of the Hon’ble Chief Ministers and IT Ministers of North Eastern States. The portal was released as a part of the programme on releasing vision document for Digital North East 2022 in Guwahati at the initiative of Ministry of DoNER, Government of India. The vision document emphasizes leveraging digital technologies to transform lives of people of the North Eastern States and enhance the ease of living. During the event, foundation stones was laid for four National Institute of Electronics and Information Technology (NIELIT) permanent centres to be located at Guwahati, Shillong, Lunglei and Gangtok. Hon’ble Union Minister also launched the Secure, Scalable and Sugamya Website as a Service (SwaaS) websites for Arunachal Pradesh and Tripura, State MyGov portals for Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Tripura. Software Technology Park of India (STPI) incubation facilities were inaugurated in Agartala, Aizawl and Shillong. A BPO centre under the North East BPO Promotion Scheme was also inaugurated in Majuli, Assam
It may be mentioned that NEDRP was previously awarded with the prestigious National Award for e-Governance for the year 2017-18 for significant contribution towards use of spatial technology and GIS in e-Governance by the Department of Administrative Reforms & Public Grievances (DARPG), Government of India. The award was conferred by Dr Jitendra Singh, Hon’ble Minister of State (MoS) (Independent Charge) for the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region during the National Conference on e-Governance held in Hyderabad on 27th February, 2018. NEDRP is sponsored by North Eastern Council (NEC), Government of India, Shillong.
North Eastern Space Applications Centre (NESAC) has been awarded with the most prestigious National Awards for e-Governance for the year 2017-18 for the project “GeoPortal on North Eastern District Resources Plan to support effective Governance applications” for outstanding contribution using Spatial Technology and GIS in e-Governance. National Awards for e-Governance is given by the Department of Administrative Reforms & Public Grievances, Government of India in every year to recognize and promote excellence in implementation of e- Governance initiatives.
From NESAC, the awards was received by Shri PLN Raju, Director, Dr Dibyajyoti Chutia, Project Leader and Dr Jonali Goswami from Dr Jitendra Singh, Hon’ble Minister of State (MoS) (Independent Charge) for the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region, Prime Minister Office, Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, Department of Atomic Energy and Department of Space during National Conference on e-Governance held in Hyderabad on 27th February, 2018. NEDRP is sponsored by North Eastern Council (NEC), Govt of India, Shillong, Meghalaya
NESAC recieving E-Governance Award
NEDRP was initiated with 36 selected districts of NE Region and later on expanded to remaining 65 districts (total 101 districts) of the region as per the directive of North Eastern Council and the demands from the various Line Departments to showcase the capability of space technology applications and tools for district level planning.
Ensemble of 101 district NEDRP geoportals with 30-35 layers of each district are catalogued into six major information modules of the NEDRP GeoXplorer-Administrative or base data, Infrastructure, Land and Water resources, Planning inputs and Terrain module realized in a single unified platform using open source software and standards with few important Governance applications like ElectionGIS, CensusGIS, Forest Resources Management (FRM), Disaster Management Support Services (DMSS) and GeoTourism. In all the applications Bhuvan map services has been effectively used in an optimized way for better and faster display of imageries.
Secure data sharing gateway has been established for sharing of geospatial maps to the various users through online registration, validation and authentication. Registered users can download the geospatial layers from NEDRP through Terms & Condition document. However, large scale datasets are not made available for download.
WMS data and services of 1200+ geospatial layers for 101 selected districts of NER have been published through Bhuvan portal for developmental planning. Please visit Bhuvan State portal to explore NEDRP layers.
Shri C.H. Kharshiing, Advisor (Planning), North Eastern Council (NEC) released the NEDRP portal in the public sphere during the 16th Foundation Day of NESAC, Department of Space, Government of India celebrated on 5th Sept, 2016 at Umiam, Shillong.